Indications and Usage
KALYDECO (ivacaftor) is a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator indicated for the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) in patients age 2 years and older who have one of the following mutations in the CFTR gene: G551D, G1244E, G1349D, G178R, G551S, S1251N, S1255P, S549N, or S549R.
KALYDECO is indicated for the treatment of CF in patients age 2 years and older who have an R117H mutation in the CFTR gene.
If the patient’s genotype is unknown, an FDA-cleared CF mutation test should be used to detect the presence of a CFTR mutation followed by verification with bi-directional sequencing when recommended by the mutation test instructions for use.
Limitation of Use:
KALYDECO is not effective in patients with CF who are homozygous for the F508del mutation in the CFTR gene.
Important Safety Information
Transaminase (ALT or AST) Elevations
- Elevated transaminases have been reported in patients with CF receiving KALYDECO. Transaminase elevations were more common in patients with a history of transaminase elevations or in patients who had abnormal transaminases at baseline. It is recommended that ALT and AST be assessed prior to initiating KALYDECO, every 3 months during the first year of treatment, and annually thereafter. For patients with a history of transaminase elevations, more frequent monitoring of liver function tests should be considered
- Patients who develop increased transaminase levels should be closely monitored until the abnormalities resolve. Dosing should be interrupted in patients with ALT or AST of greater than 5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Following resolution of transaminase elevations, consider the benefits and risks of resuming KALYDECO dosing
Concomitant Use with CYP3A Inducers
- Use of KALYDECO with strong CYP3A inducers, such as rifampin, substantially decreases the exposure of ivacaftor, which may reduce the therapeutic effectiveness of KALYDECO. Co-administration of KALYDECO with strong CYP3A inducers, such as rifampin, rifabutin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, phenytoin, and St. John’s wort is not recommended
- Cases of non-congenital lens opacities/cataracts have been reported in pediatric patients treated with KALYDECO. Baseline and follow-up ophthalmological examinations are recommended in pediatric patients initiating KALYDECO treatment
- The safety and efficacy of KALYDECO in patients with CF younger than 2 years of age have not been studied. The use of KALYDECO in children under the age of 2 years is not recommended
Serious Adverse Reactions
- Serious adverse reactions, whether considered drug-related or not by the investigators, which occurred more frequently in patients treated with KALYDECO included abdominal pain, increased hepatic enzymes, and hypoglycemia
- The most common adverse reactions in patients with a G551D mutation in the CFTR gene (Trials 1 and 2) with an incidence of ≥8% and at a higher incidence for patients treated with KALYDECO (N=109) than for placebo (N=104) were headache (24% vs 16%), oropharyngeal pain (22% vs 18%), upper respiratory tract infection (22% vs 14%), nasal congestion (20% vs 15%), abdominal pain (16% vs 13%), nasopharyngitis (15% vs 12%), diarrhea (13% vs 10%), rash (13% vs 7%), nausea (12% vs 11%), and dizziness (9% vs 1%)
- The safety profiles for patients with a G1244E, G1349D, G178R, G551S, G970R, S1251N, S1255P, S549N, or S549R mutation enrolled in Trial 4, for patients with an R117H mutation enrolled in Trial 5, and for patients ages 2 to less than 6 years enrolled in
Trial 6 were similar to that observed in Trials 1 and 2
Click here to access full Prescribing Information for KALYDECO (ivacaftor).
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